The kidneys of cats in the body carry out many functions, regulates blood pressure, cleanses the blood, red blood cells and produces hormones.
Kidney disease and functional disorders characterized by older cats. No kidney disorders develops into a disease that is becoming a chronic and incurable. However, early diagnosis of kidney failure and proper care can extend the life span of the animal, and it is not likely to cause significant inconvenience to his quality of life.
Kidney disease is not always specific to only the older cats. Some kittens are born with a congenital kidney neišsivystymu kidney activity, as well as the young cats upsets due to injuries and infections.
In cats is characterized by two types of kidney failure:
Acute renal failure, which begins suddenly, and develops within just a few days or weeks. Acute kidney failure is characterized by the cats of all ages, the most common reasons are the following:
- Toxic substances in the body of a cat poisoning of human medicinal products, noxious plants, pesticides, household chemical means, so it is very important to take care that your cat is not crawled by these toxic substances for the production of home and neapsinuodytų.
- The injuries, which year cat construction in the pelvic region, and in particular if the detriment to the bladder.
- Dehydration, when the animal suffering heat stroke and not enough fluid;
- Infection of the kidneys in breach of.
Acute renal failure, if diagnosed in time and quickly adapted to the treatment, may be curable. However, older than 7 years in cats kidney failure often becomes a chronic and difficult to treat.
Chronic kidney failure is determined by a variety of symptoms that occurs over a longer period of time, the disease evolves over the months, a few years ago, so all of the following symptoms:
- Frequent urination. It may seem that this is not a symptom of the disease, but it may be a symptom of urinary incontinence, the cat may urinate, not only your mailbox.
- Cat drinking a lot of water, in an attempt to compensate for the lack of fluids, since the kidneys are too fast for liquids.
- Weight loss and lack of appetite;
- Vomiting, diarrhea, dark urine, blood in the urine;
- Mouth sores on the gums and tongue.
- Bad breath;
Diagnosis and treatment of cat kidney disease
When a veterinarian suspects kidney problems, he or she usually performs a blood test and ultrasound. Depending on the development and complexity of the disease, treatment can be either medical or surgical, and the vet may suggest a specific diet. A balanced diet for cats with kidney disease should contain sufficient vitamin D, phosphorus, omega acids and other beneficial elements. By following the diet and following the vet's instructions, you can preserve your cat's health and extend its life expectancy.
It is important to note that, especially in the case of kidney disease, high temperature canned foods packed in metal boxes are not recommended for cats. Dietary supplements are highly recommended and should be consulted.
Based on scientific literature and consultation with veterinary surgeons