Cat kidney failure

The kidneys of cats in the body carry out many functions, regulates blood pressure, cleanses the blood, red blood cells and produces hormones.

Kidney disease and functional disorders characterized by older cats. No kidney disorders develops into a disease that is becoming a chronic and incurable. However, early diagnosis of kidney failure and proper care can extend the life span of the animal, and it is not likely to cause significant inconvenience to his quality of life.

Kidney disease is not always specific to only the older cats. Some kittens are born with a congenital kidney neišsivystymu kidney activity, as well as the young cats upsets due to injuries and infections.

In cats is characterized by two types of kidney failure:

Acute renal failure, which begins suddenly, and develops within just a few days or weeks. Acute kidney failure is characterized by the cats of all ages, the most common reasons are the following:

  • Toxic substances in the body of a cat poisoning of human medicinal products, noxious plants, pesticides, household chemical means, so it is very important to take care that your cat is not crawled by these toxic substances for the production of home and neapsinuodytų.
  • The injuries, which year cat construction in the pelvic region, and in particular if the detriment to the bladder.
  • Dehydration, when the animal suffering heat stroke and not enough fluid;
  • Infection of the kidneys in breach of.

Acute renal failure, if diagnosed in time and quickly adapted to the treatment, may be curable. However, older than 7 years in cats kidney failure often becomes a chronic and difficult to treat.

Chronic kidney failure is determined by a variety of symptoms that occurs over a longer period of time, the disease evolves over the months, a few years ago, so all of the following symptoms:

  • Frequent urination. It may seem that this is not a symptom of the disease, but it may be a symptom of urinary incontinence, the cat may urinate, not only your mailbox.
  • Cat drinking a lot of water, in an attempt to compensate for the lack of fluids, since the kidneys are too fast for liquids.
  • Weight loss and lack of appetite;
  • Vomiting, diarrhea, dark urine, blood in the urine;
  • Mouth sores on the gums and tongue.
  • Bad breath;
  • Constipation;
  • Apathy.

Diagnosis and treatment of cat kidney disease

When a veterinarian suspects kidney problems, he or she usually performs a blood test and ultrasound. Depending on the development and complexity of the disease, treatment can be either medical or surgical, and the vet may suggest a specific diet. A balanced diet for cats with kidney disease should contain sufficient vitamin D, phosphorus, omega acids and other beneficial elements. By following the diet and following the vet's instructions, you can preserve your cat's health and extend its life expectancy.

It is important to note that, especially in the case of kidney disease, high temperature canned foods packed in metal boxes are not recommended for cats. Dietary supplements are highly recommended and should be consulted.

Based on scientific literature and consultation with veterinary surgeons 

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Painful urination: your dog may not enjoy the walk?

Painful urination can be the cause of an extremely serious illness, so it is important to notice in time that the dog behaves unusually, trying to get wet. It can also be a consequence of infection, which is quickly cured with antibiotics.
The main signs that you should pay attention to when walking your pet:
  • The dog is tense, restless;
  • Howling, squealing, whining, or making other unusual sounds while trying to get wet;
  • Avoids your touch;
  • Urinates more times than usual, but with a small amount of urine;
  • You notice blood or mucus in the urine.
It is extremely important to pay attention to the amount of urine: if the dog tries to urinate, but only a few droplets flow out, or it is not possible to urinate at all, you should immediately contact your veterinarian. In this case, it is extremely important not to delay, since the inability to urinate in a short time can lead to an extremely serious condition of the animal and even death.


Causes and treatment

Infection of the bladder in dogs.
The bladder is sterile, but bacteria from the genitals can get into the urinary tract and bladder and cause infection and inflammation. The most common signs of the bladder are: urinary incontinence, painful urination, frequent urination with a small amount of urine (just a few drops), blood in the urine. Sometimes these symptoms are difficult for the hostess to notice.
Treatment of the bladder is most often effective with antibiotic therapy, which is prescribed by a veterinarian, taking into account the breed, weight, medical history of the animal. Symptoms of the disease usually disappear within the first three days of treatment. The veterinarian may suggest taking a urine test to determine which group of antibiotics is most suitable. It is the duty of the hostess not to interrupt the course of treatment as soon as he feels improvement, but to continue treatment in accordance with the recommendations of the veterinarian. A short improvement in health will not necessarily mean that the infection is cured, so after the termination of the course of antibiotics, the disease may return.


Crystals and stones in the bladder of dogs

Sometimes crystals accumulated in the urine form stones in the bladder. There may be more than one reason why the crystals in the urine stick together, this may be due to infection, certain medications, blood in the urine, vomiting, fatigue and kidney disease. Bladder stones are treated depending on where stones or crystals are found in the urinary tract, drugs are prescribed according to this, a surgical procedure is performed or the pet's diet is adjusted. The most commonly prescribed drugs are antibiotics, since the main cause of urolithiasis is usually an infection.


Urology in dogs: prostate problems

Prostate enlargement and urination disorders in dogs are caused by tumors, cysts, in uncastrated males – hormonal changes and infections. The main symptoms are usually similar: blood in the urine, frequent urination and a small amount of urine. Treatment of prostate diseases is prescribed by the veterinarian according to the cause of the disease – infections are treated with antibiotics.
Disorders of the function of the prostate gland are also caused by congenital features of the genital organs of the animal, trauma or recovered diseases.


Prevention of urination disorders in dogs

Each owner can easily notice the symptoms of urination disorders, it is important to monitor the mood, behavior of his pet, pay attention to whether it is easy for him to urinate. The genitals should also be examined for redness, swelling, wounds or other unusual signs. It is always an important duty of the owner not to delay and contact a veterinarian if you notice that the animal feels pain or discomfort.


Based on scientific literature and consultation with veterinary surgeons 

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Ferrets: Health Care

Ferrets are also welcome at the Senamiesčio Veterinary Clinic! We have many years of experience in ferret treatment, surgery and prophylaxis, so you won't be disappointed. We provide all the necessary information on care, feeding, sterilisation and gland removal.

It is not always easy for ferret owners to quickly find a veterinary clinic that can provide health care for these animals. At our clinic, our veterinarian performs the most relevant procedures for ferrets:

  • Spay/neuter, which is recommended from 5-6 months;
  • Removal of glands, recommended from 5-6 months of age. An experienced vet surgeon can perform this during spaying or neutering to avoid additional anaesthesia.
  • Vaccination of 2 and 3 month old ferrets. Revaccination, prophylactic vaccinations once a year thereafter.

Ferrets are more sensitive to surgical procedures, it is essential to give high-quality anaesthesia and make sure the Vet. Surgeon is experienced to perform surgeries for ferrets due to small inner organs and sensitivity. The vital organs of the body, in particularly small ferrets, are tiny. Our Vet. Surgeon has many years of performing surgeries for ferrets and you can be sure to get high quality service. It is also important to provide all the information on the maintenance in post surgery care for the owner after surgical intervention.

You need to prepare for the operation of the evening. The animal is not fed in the evening before the surgery in order to avoid choking during anesthesia. The duration of the operation in about an hour.

Based on scientific literature and consultation with veterinary surgeons 
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